Carriers and forwarders liability clauses

Freight forwarders are exposed to a broad variety of liabilities in respect of the services they provide to their customers. Different liabilities are applicable for transit by sea, air, road or rail.

Road transportation

Road transportation

Regulation of road hauliers responsibility is issued both in shape of international regulation as well as national legislation. Below we have gathered the most common rules on the area. So far we only provide the documents in the respective language as far as it is local legislation and in English concerning international legislation.

If is not responsible for the correctness of the laws and rules issued on these pages either is If responsible for losses referring to the documents on this site.

Domestic Legislation

Legislation in Denmark

Faerdselsloven, Alm. danske regler om erstatningsansvar

Legislation in Finland

Tiekuljetussopimuslaki (TKSL)

Legislation in Norway

CMR

Legislation in Sweden

CMR på svenska (pdf, 110 KB)
CMR in English (pdf, 76 KB) 

Rail transportation

Rail transportation

Here we have gathered the most common laws concerning transportation by train. Please observe that the laws are not
updated automatically, so please use the documents as an information only.

If is not responsible for the correctness of the laws and rules issued on these pages either is If responsible for losses referring to the documents on this site.

​Domestic Legislation

Domestic legislation in Denmark

Lov om jernbanevirksomhed

Domestic legislation in Finland

Rautatiekuljetuslaki

Domestic legislation in Norway

NSB's Standard Conditions of Carriage for Domestic Rail Freight

Domestic legislation in Sweden

SJ Cargo Normal Conditions for Railway

The international rail transport law

(passenger CIV and freight traffic CIM)

CIM, Freight traffic (pdf, 149 KB)

Sea transportation

Sea transportation

A lot of regulation is prevailing in the fields of sea transportation. The local Nordic legislation is in many ways identical. National legislation is often based on international conventions, and some agreements issued by Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) is also quite common. Below we have gathered the most common legislation, conventions and agreements prevailing in the field of sea transportation.

By a diplomatic convention in 1978 the Hamburg-rules were issued. They are a bit more strict towards the shipowners' liability and is intentionally meant to be the successor of Hague-Visbye Rules but is until now only ratified by a limited number of nations.

Hamburg Rules

Forwarders' Liability

Forwarders' Liability

Nordiskt Speditörforbund, NSF, organizes Nordic freight forwarders through their national associations. NSF looks after its members interests by coordinating the national points of view and representing its members before Nordic, European and international bodies by safeguarding the General Conditions of the Nordic Association of Freight Forwarders (NSAB) and by developing new intranordic trade projects.

NSAB contains conditions relating to the forwarder's assignment, the performance of the assignment, the liability of the forwarder as a carrier, as a provider of services and in connection with storage, the liability of the principal, complaints, prescription and the procedure in the event of disputes.

NSAB 2000 is the latest edition of the general conditions. As in all previous versions its basic theme is that the forwarder has an obligation to act professionally and with due care. Like the previous three versions, it has been developed by negotiation with the organisations of the freight shippers. In addition, NSAB 2000 deals with liability in cases of transport with a time guarantee and the forwarders obligations when performing warehousing.

NSAB 2000 contains the rules of liability to which freightforwarding jobs in the Nordic countries are subject. Thus the rules are a private agreement and therefore must be agreed between the freight forwarder and the shipper.

If P&C Insurance is not responsible for the correctness of the laws and rules issued on these pages either is If P&C Insurance responsible for losses referring to the documents on this site.

General conditions

NSAB2000-Danish (pdf, 98 kb)
NSAB2000-English (pdf, 203 kb)

PSYM2000-Finnish (pdf, 250 kb)
NSAB2000-Swedish (pdf, 193 kb)

NSAB-Norwegian (pdf, 280 kb)
ADSP-German (pdf, 96 kb) is the German contractual agreement on the freight forwarding business.

Danish

Speditorsansvar NSAB2000 (pdf, 65 kb)

Norwegian

Ansvarsforsikring for speditorer og andre innen transportnaeringen (pdf, 137 kb)

Swedish

Sjö- och transportförsäkring, Svensk Försäkring​​

Domestic conditions

Summary of regulations