Summary of time limits for notice of loss

Notice of claim, periods of limitation and limitation of liability in international transports.

When you file the notice of loss or damage, i.e. the provisional claim, it should always contain the following paragraph:
"We reserve the right for ourselves and/or our insurance company to present a specified claim later."

Time limits for filing a provisional claim


Notice of claim
Period of limitation Limitation of liability
for loss or damage
Apparent loss or
damage
Not apparent loss or damage
1. Carriage by sea
The Hague-Visbye Rules
Upon receipt of goods 3 days 1 year SDR* 667 /package
or SDR 2/kg
2. Carriage by air
The Montreal Convention

Upon receipt of goods 14 days (in the event
of delay 21 days) 
2 years SDR 22/kg
3. Carriage by rail
CIM convention
Upon receipt of goods
7 days 1 year SDR 8,33/kg
Denmark
Railway Act. (Lov om jernbanevirksomhed
LBK nr. 967 af 08.11.2001)

Upon receipt of goods 7 days 1 year DKK 175/kg
Finland
Railway Transport Act 2000
Upon receipt of goods 10 days 1 year EUR 25/kg
Delay: 4 x transport costs
Norway
CIM Rules
Standard Conditions of Carriage for Domestic rail
Upon receipt of goods 7 days 1 year SDR 17/kg
Sweden
Rail Domestic (JTL), The most important condition
is SJ Cargo Normal Conditions for Railway
Upon receipt of goods 7 days 1 year SEK 150/kg
4. Carriage by road
CMR convention
Upon receipt of goods 7 days (without
delays) 
1 year SEK 150/kg
Denmark
Road Traffic Act
(Færdselsloven LBK nr. 712 af 02.08.2001)
Upon receipt of goods 7 days 5 years (1908
loven)
No limitation
Finland
Act of Parliament governing the domestic and
international transport of goods by road 1979
Upon receipt of goods 7 days 1 year EUR 20/kg
Delay: cost of
freight
Norway
The CMR Convention
Upon receipt of goods 7 days 1 year SDR 17/kg
Sweden
Swedish Road Transport Act
Upon receipt of goods 7 days 1 year SEK 150/kg
5. Nordic Freight Forwarding
NSAB 2000 (when liability
as carrier)
Upon receipt of goods 7 days 1 year SDR 8,33/kg

* SDR = Special Drawing Rights - current exchange rate shown among daily newspaper's foreign exchange rate listings, as well as on www.imf.org/external/np/tre/sdr/drates/0701.htm

Please observe limitation of liability for carriers above and thus the need for cargo insurance.